For treatment of cold sores, the following medications may reduce the severity and duration of the outbreak.
- Topical creams or ointments, which are available with or without a prescription, can reduce pain, itching, and healing time.
- Oral antiviral medications, which are available by prescription, may be used when the first symptoms (such as burning or itching) develop. These medications have little effect once the sore develops.
Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis) is a perennial herb in the mint family. It grows to 70-150 cm tall and its leaves have a gentle lemon scent.